What is Colon Cancer?

Colon cancer, also known as colorectal cancer, affects the colon or rectum and is a common form of cancer. It can develop silently, often without noticeable symptoms in its early stages. Early detection and understanding the disease are crucial for effective treatment.

What are the early signs and symptoms of colon cancer?

  • Changes in bowel habits, such as diarrhea, constipation, or narrowing of the stool, that last for more than a few days
  • Feeling that you need to have a bowel movement that's not relieved by having one
  • Rectal bleeding with bright red blood
  • Blood in the stool, which might make it look dark brown or black
  • Cramping or abdominal (belly) pain
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Unintended weight loss

Early detection through screening is crucial since symptoms often appear only in more advanced stages.

What causes colon cancer and who is at risk?

Colon cancer is caused by changes (mutations) in the DNA of cells in the colon or rectum. These mutations can be inherited or acquired over a person's lifetime. 

Risk factors include age (older than 50), a personal or family history of colon cancer or polyps, inherited syndromes (such as Lynch syndrome and familial adenomatous polyposis), lifestyle factors (diet high in red or processed meat, low in fiber, physical inactivity, obesity, alcohol consumption, and smoking), and conditions like inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis).

How is colon cancer diagnosed?

Colon cancer is typically diagnosed through a combination of medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests. These may include colonoscopy, where a long, flexible tube equipped with a camera is used to view the entire colon and rectum; biopsies taken during colonoscopy; blood tests, including tests for tumor markers like carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA); and imaging tests such as CT scans, MRI, or PET scans to determine the extent of the cancer and whether it has spread.

What are the stages of colon cancer?

Colon cancer is categorized into four main stages based on the extent of the cancer's spread:

  • Stage I: Cancer has grown into the superficial layers of the colon but has not spread beyond the colon wall or rectum.
  • Stage II: Cancer has spread through the muscle layer of the colon or rectum but has not reached the nearby lymph nodes.
  • Stage III: Cancer has invaded nearby lymph nodes but not yet spread to distant parts of the body.
  • Stage IV: Cancer has spread to distant organs, such as the liver, lungs, or peritoneum (the lining of the abdominal cavity).

The stage of cancer at diagnosis significantly influences treatment options and prognosis.

What treatment options are available for colon cancer?

Treatment options for colon cancer depend on the stage of the disease, the patient's overall health, and personal preferences. They may include:

  • Surgery: The primary treatment for localized cancer, aiming to remove the tumor and a margin of healthy tissue around it. For more advanced stages, surgery may also involve removing affected lymph nodes.
  • Chemotherapy: Used before surgery to shrink tumors, after surgery to kill any remaining cancer cells, or as the main treatment for advanced cancer.
  • Radiation Therapy: Often used in conjunction with chemotherapy for rectal cancer or if cancer has spread to other areas, to relieve symptoms.
  • Targeted Therapy: Focuses on specific abnormalities within cancer cells. Used for cancers that have specific genetic markers.
  • Immunotherapy: Used for cancers that are characterized by high levels of certain genetic markers, helping the immune system recognize and destroy cancer cells.

Treatment plans often involve a combination of these options to effectively combat the disease.

What is the most successful treatment for colon cancer?

The most successful treatment for colon cancer typically involves a multidisciplinary approach tailored to the individual patient's condition. This may include surgical removal of the tumor, which is often the primary treatment for localized cancer. 

Chemotherapy may be used to kill cancer cells, especially if the cancer is more advanced. 

Radiation therapy is less commonly used but may be recommended in specific cases to shrink tumors before surgery or to target cancer cells remaining after surgery. 

Targeted therapy and immunotherapy are newer forms of treatment that focus on specific aspects of cancer cells to stop their growth. The choice of treatment depends on the cancer's stage, location, genetic makeup, and the patient's overall health and preferences.

How much does colon cancer treatment cost in India?

The cost of colon cancer treatment in India can vary widely based on the type of treatment, stage of cancer, hospital chosen, and whether the patient opts for private or public care. On average, expenses can range from INR 3 lakhs to INR 20 lakhs

This cost typically includes surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy, if necessary. Some patients may incur additional costs for targeted therapy or immunotherapy if these treatments are recommended. Many hospitals offer packages or financial assistance, and insurance coverage can significantly reduce out-of-pocket expenses.

How effective is surgery for treating colon cancer?

Surgery is highly effective in treating early-stage colon cancer and can provide a cure by physically removing the tumor and, in many cases, nearby lymph nodes. For stage II and III cancers, surgery combined with chemotherapy is often the standard treatment, significantly improving survival rates. In stage IV, surgery might be used to relieve symptoms or in combination with other treatments to extend life or potentially, in a small number of cases, offer a cure if metastases are limited and can be completely removed.

What are the potential side effects of colon cancer treatments?

Side effects vary by the type of treatment and the individual patient but may include:

  • Surgery: Pain, risk of infection, bleeding, changes in bowel habits, and, for rectal cancer surgery, possible urinary and sexual dysfunction.
  • Chemotherapy: Nausea, vomiting, hair loss, fatigue, increased risk of infection, and neuropathy.
  • Radiation Therapy: Skin irritation at the treatment site, fatigue, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding.
  • Targeted Therapy: Skin rashes, high blood pressure, bleeding, and problems with wound healing.
  • Immunotherapy: Flu-like symptoms, fatigue, skin rash, and potential effects on normal organs and tissues.
Managing side effects is an important aspect of cancer care, with strategies including medication, lifestyle changes, and supportive therapies.

How does chemotherapy work in treating colon cancer?

Chemotherapy works by using drugs to kill rapidly dividing cells, including cancer cells. 

It can be administered orally or intravenously and is often used in combination with other treatments. In colon cancer, chemotherapy might be given before surgery (neoadjuvant chemotherapy) to shrink the tumor, making it easier to remove, or after surgery (adjuvant chemotherapy) to kill any remaining cancer cells. 

For advanced stages, chemotherapy is a primary treatment to control the disease and relieve symptoms. The specific drugs used and the length of treatment depend on the cancer's stage and the patient's health status.

What is targeted therapy, and how does it differ from chemotherapy?

Targeted therapy is a type of cancer treatment that targets specific molecules involved in the growth and spread of cancer cells, blocking the growth and spread of cancer by interfering with specific molecules ("molecular targets") involved in the growth, progression, and spread of cancer. 

Unlike chemotherapy, which attacks all rapidly dividing cells and can affect healthy cells, targeted therapy aims to affect only cancer cells, potentially leading to fewer side effects. 

Targeted therapies can be used alone or in combination with other treatments such as chemotherapy and are often used for advanced or recurrent colon cancer that exhibits specific genetic markers.

What is the best treatment for colorectal cancer in India?

The best treatment for colorectal cancer in India involves a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy, tailored to the stage and characteristics of the cancer. Advanced treatments such as targeted therapy and immunotherapy are also available in leading hospitals. 

India's top cancer centers, such as Tata Memorial Hospital, AIIMS, and Apollo Hospitals, provide multidisciplinary teams to create personalized treatment plans. These plans consider the latest research and technology, aiming to maximize survival rates and quality of life for patients.

Which hospital is best for intestine cancer in India?

In India, several hospitals are renowned for their expertise in treating intestine cancer, including Tata Memorial Hospital in Mumbai, known for its comprehensive cancer care and research; All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in New Delhi, which offers advanced treatments and is a leader in medical education and research; and Apollo Hospitals, located in multiple cities, known for its high-quality care and advanced technologies. The choice of hospital can depend on factors such as the specific type of intestine cancer, the treatments offered, the expertise of the medical staff, and the patient's geographic and financial considerations.

What is the best hospital for colon cancer?

Internationally, hospitals renowned for colon cancer treatment include the Mayo Clinic, Cleveland Clinic, and Johns Hopkins Hospital in the USA, known for their cutting-edge research, comprehensive care, and multidisciplinary approaches. In India, Tata Memorial Hospital and Apollo Hospitals are among the top choices for their expertise, advanced treatments, and patient care in colon cancer. Selecting the best hospital often depends on the patient's needs, the hospital's specialization in colon cancer treatments, and its success rates.

What is the best hospital to treat colon cancer in India?

Tata Memorial Hospital in Mumbai is often cited as one of the best hospitals for treating colon cancer in India, thanks to its state-of-the-art facilities, comprehensive care, and pioneering research in cancer treatments. Other notable hospitals include Apollo Hospitals, with branches across India offering advanced cancer treatments, and the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in New Delhi, known for its excellence in medical care and research. The best hospital for an individual patient can depend on several factors, including the availability of specialized treatments, the expertise of the medical staff, and the patient's personal preferences and financial situation.

Who is the best colon surgeon in India?

India is home to many distinguished colon surgeons known for their expertise and successful outcomes. Among them, Dr. Avanish Saklani at Tata Memorial Hospital in Mumbai and Dr. Deep Goel at BLK Super Specialty Hospital in New Delhi are highly respected. These surgeons are recognized for their advanced surgical techniques, including minimally invasive and robotic surgeries, and their contributions to colorectal cancer research and treatment. When choosing a surgeon, patients should consider factors such as the surgeon's experience, specialization in colorectal surgery, success rates, and patient reviews.

Tailored Treatment for Colon Cancer

Colon cancer varies in severity, and treatment approaches depend on the stage of the cancer and the patient's overall health. Treatment options may include:

Early-Stage Colon Cancer

For patients with localized tumors, treatment options may include:

  • Surgery: Surgical removal of the cancerous growth in the colon.
  • Polypectomy: Removal of precancerous growths (polyps) during a colonoscopy.

These treatments aim to remove or manage the cancer while preserving the function of the colon.

Advanced-Stage Colon Cancer

Advanced colon cancer may require more extensive treatments, such as:

  • Chemotherapy: Medications to target and kill cancer cells.
  • Radiation Therapy: High-dose radiation to shrink or eliminate tumors.
  • Immunotherapy: Boosting the immune system to fight cancer cells more effectively.

Our experts will assess your specific condition and recommend the most suitable treatment plan for advanced-stage colon cancer.

Advanced Therapies for Colon Cancer

Advanced-stage colon cancer may require specialized care and advanced therapies. We offer several advanced treatments, including:

  • Targeted Drug Therapies: Medications that target specific genetic changes in colon cancer cells.
  • Minimally Invasive Surgery: Surgical techniques that minimize incisions and promote faster recovery.

Our team of experts will assess your condition and develop a treatment plan tailored to your specific needs and stage of colon cancer.

Specialized Colon Cancer Treatments

Additional treatment options for colon cancer include:

  • Colostomy: A surgical procedure to create an opening in the abdominal wall for waste to pass through, often temporary.
  • Combination Therapies: Some patients may benefit from a combination of treatments tailored to their unique needs.

Our hospital offers a range of specialized treatments to address various aspects of colon cancer care.

Why Choose Us for Colon Cancer Treatment

Patients choose our hospital for colon cancer treatment for several reasons:

  • Experienced medical professionals specializing in colon cancer.
  • Advanced treatment approaches, including innovative therapies.
  • Proven success in improving patient outcomes.
  • Patient-centric care focused on comfort and well-being.
  • Cost-effective treatments without compromising quality.

We are dedicated to providing the highest standard of care and support throughout your journey to recovery from colon cancer.

Unique Features of Our Hospital

  • Advanced Technology: We utilize state-of-the-art medical equipment and technology to provide cutting-edge treatments.
  • Personalized Care: Each patient receives a customized treatment plan tailored to their specific condition.
  • Experienced Specialists: Our team includes highly skilled and experienced medical professionals specializing in colon cancer.
  • Research and Innovation: Our hospital is dedicated to ongoing research and innovation in colon cancer treatment.
  • Global Network: We collaborate with renowned medical institutions worldwide to stay at the forefront of colon cancer care.

These unique features set our hospital apart and ensure the best possible care for our patients.


Here are some key statistics about our hospital's colon cancer treatment:

  • 190 Number of colon cancer patients treated annually.
  • 75% Success rates in various stages of colon cancer.
  • 2 month is Average recovery time for patients.
  • 9 Number of specialized medical professionals on our team.

These statistics reflect our commitment to providing high-quality care and improving patient outcomes.

colon cancer treatment in india

Get in Touch with Our Experts

If you have questions about colon cancer treatment or would like to schedule a consultation with our experts, please don't hesitate to contact us. We are here to provide you with the information and support you need for your journey to healing and recovery.

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We have administrative and consultation offices located in Mumbai, Delhi and other major cities across India, contact us to get more info in ensuring convenient access to our services.

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